Human body is a machine comprising of a number of complex organs and systems. Renal system is one of the most crucial system. Kidney (a bean shaped structure) is the basic unit of the renal system. It gets almost 20% of the total blood supply. It is also known as natural filter of the blood because it removes electrolytes and other waste materials from the blood. It is also responsible for urine formation.
Any irregularity in its function leads to several complexities. Kidney stone is also called renal calculus (stone). It is made of minerals and salts in the urine, that stick to each other and they are small as pebbles and large as a golf ball. It may stay in the kidney or travel down into the ureter and the bladder.
Mostly men suffer from kidney stones than females.
There are four major types of kidney stones including calcium, uric acid, struvite and cysteine stones. Calcium stones are the most common type of kidney stones. While cysteine stones is that rare type that run in families.
It results when there is less water and more salt intake. Other causes may include:
- Recurrent urinary tract infections
- Blockage of urinary tract
- High levels of calcium, oxalate and phosphate in urine
- pH imbalance
- Medicines like diuretics, antacids (calcium based)
One of the following symptoms occur due to kidney stones. These include
- Intense pain in back and groin
- Pain in urination
- Foul smelling urine
- Blood in urine
- Fever and chills
Kidney stones are diagnosed by several tests like urinalysis, blood test, abdominal x-ray and CT scan.
Kidney stones can be prevented by altering lifestyle and diet modification. Most importantly drink almost 12-14 glasses of water daily. Reduce sodium and oxalate intake. Substitute animal protein with vegetable proteins like soya beans, nuts, lentils and cereals etc.
Kidney stones are treated by several medications and medical techniques. Small stones can be easily flushed out by drinking large amount of water. Mild pain killers are also beneficial like ibuprofen and acetaminophen. While in case of large stones, surgery is carried out to remove stones. Moreover sound waves are used to break up stones.
It is always challenging to choose the best medicine that relieves pain along with patient satisfaction. Ketosteril tablets not only relieves pain but also ensure trust of the patients.